PAH BIODEF PND BIOPKU JAKEdb BH4 Literature Research

Active Databases: all


This website hosts databases of Pediatric Neurotransmitter Disorders (PND), including the locus-specific database of PAH variants and BIOPKU genotypes database.

Phanylalanine Hydroxylase Locus-Specific Database

3D structures


Database of PKU genotypes

Genotype-phenotype prediction

BH4 responsiveness prediction


BH4 deficiencies and PND Locus-Specific Databases (formerly BIOMDB)

Link to BIODEF database

Link to JAKE database


Database of patients with PND

AADC defiiciency

TH deficiency


Link to PND database


Database of BH4-deficient patients

Link to PND database



Genotypic phenotype prediction in PKU

New search feature uses algorithms developed by the Heidelberg PKU Research Group and calculates APV (allelic phenotype value).

How severe is the genotype of your patient?

Is a variant (mutation) severe or mild?

>> Visit BIOPKUdb section <<




Hillert A, Anikster Y, Belanger-Quintana A, Burlina A, Burton BK, Carducci C, et al. The genetic landscape and epidemiology of phenylketonuria. Am J Hum Genet. 2020;107:234-50.

Tao Y, Han D, Shen H, Li X. Spectrum of PAH gene mutations and genotype-phenotype correlation in patients with phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency from Shanxi province. Brain Dev. 2020.

Jafarzadeh-Esfehani R, Vojdani S, Hashemian S, Mirinezhad M, Pourafshar M, Forouzanfar N, et al. Genetic variants of the phenylalanine hydroxylase gene in patients with phenylketonuria in the northeast of Iran. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2020.

Polak E, Kadasi L. Molecular genetics, phenotypic diversity and recent trends of personalized medicine in phenylketonuria. ?es-slov Pediat. 2015;70(6):333-41.


Zastrow D. B., Baudet H., Shen W., Thomas A., Si Y., Weaver M. A., Lager A. M., Liu J., Mangels R., Dwight S. S., Wright M. W., Dobrowolski S. F., Eilbeck K., Enns G. M., Feigenbaum A., Lichter-Konecki U., Lyon E., Pasquali M., Watson M., Blau N., Steiner R. D., Craigen W. J., Mao R., ClinGen Inborn Errors of Metabolism Working Group, Unique aspects of sequence variant interpretation for inborn errors of metabolism (IEM): The ClinGen IEM Working Group and the Phenylalanine Hydroxylase Gene. Hum Mutat 39 (2018) 1569-1580.

Garbade S. F., Shen N., Himmelreich N., Haas D., Trefz F. K., Hoffmann G. F., Burgard P., Blau N., Allelic phenotype values: a model for genotype-based phenotype prediction in phenylketonuria. Genet Med (2018) DOI: 10.1038/s41436-018-0081-x.





AADC Research Trust

PND Association




Nenad Blau
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